This printed article is located at http://investor.ascottreit.com/our_corporate_governance_culture.html
The Manager aspires to the highest standards of corporate governance. The Manager is committed to continuous improvement in corporate governance. It has developed and, on an ongoing basis, maintains sound and transparent policies and practices to meet the specific business needs of Ascott Reit and to provide a firm foundation for a trusted and respected business enterprise. The Manager remains focused on complying with the substance and spirit of the principles of the Code of Corporate Governance 2012 (Code) while achieving operational excellence and delivering Ascott Reit’s long-term strategic objectives. The Board of Directors (Board) is responsible for the Manager’s corporate governance standards and policies, underscoring their importance to the Manager.
The Manager has received accolades from the investment community for excellence in corporate governance. More details can be found on page 95 of this Annual Report.
This report sets out the corporate governance practices for financial year (FY) 2016 with reference to the principles of the Code. Where there are deviations from any of the guidelines of the Code, an explanation has been provided within this Annual Report.
The Board's Conduct of Affairs
Every company should be headed by an effective Board to lead and control the company. The Board is collectively responsible for the long-term success of the company. The Board works with Management to achieve this objective and Management remains accountable to the Board.
The Manager is led by the Board which presently comprises a majority of non-executive independent Directors (IDs). This exceeds the recommendations in the Code. The Board has a diversity of skills and knowledge, experience, educational background, ethnicity and gender. Each Director brings to the Board skills, experience, insights and sound judgement which, together with his or her strategic networking relationships, serve to further the interests of Ascott Reit.
The Board oversees the affairs of the Manager, in furtherance of the Manager’s primary responsibility to manage the assets and liabilities of Ascott Reit for the benefit of Unitholders. The Board provides leadership to the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and the management team (Management) and sets the strategic vision, direction and long-term objectives for Ascott Reit. The CEO, assisted by Management, is responsible for the execution of the strategy for Ascott Reit and the day-to-day operations of Ascott Reit’s business.
The Board provides leadership to Management, sets strategic directions and oversees the management of Ascott Reit. The Board establishes goals for Management and monitors the achievement of these goals. It ensures that proper and effective controls are in place to assess and manage business risks and compliance with requirements under the Listing Manual, the Property Funds Appendix, as well as any other applicable guidelines prescribed by the SGX-ST, MAS or other relevant authorities, and applicable laws. It also sets the disclosure and transparency standards for Ascott Reit and ensures that obligations to Unitholders and other stakeholders are understood and met.
The Board has reserved authority to approve certain matters and these include:
The Board has established various Board Committees to assist it in the discharge of its functions. These Board Committees are the Audit Committee (AC), the Corporate Disclosure Committee (CDC) and the Executive Committee (EC). Each of these Board Committees operates under authority delegated from the Board with the Board retaining overall oversight, and has its own terms of reference. The composition of the various Board Committees is set out on page 47 of this Annual Report.
The Board may form other Board Committees as dictated by business imperatives. Membership of the various Board Committees is managed to ensure an equitable distribution of responsibilities among Board members, to maximise the effectiveness of the Board and to foster active participation and contribution from Board members. Diversity of experience and appropriate skills are considered in the composition of the respective Board Committees.
The Board has adopted a set of internal controls which establishes approval limits for capital expenditure, investments, divestments, bank borrowings and issuance of debt instruments. Apart from matters that specifically require the Board’s approval, the Board delegates authority for transactions below those limits to Board Committees and Management.
The Board meets at least once every quarter, and as required by business imperatives. Board and Board Committee meetings are scheduled prior to the start of each financial year. Where exigencies prevent a Director from attending a Board meeting in person, the Constitution of the Manager permits the Director to participate via audio or video conference. The Board and Board Committees may also make decisions by way of resolutions in writing. Except where a Director has recused himself or herself due to a potential conflict of interest situation and thus is excused from participation, in each meeting which considers matters requiring the Board’s approval, all Board members participate in the discussions and deliberations. This principle of collective decisions adopted by the Board ensures that no individual unduly influences or dominates the decision making process.
A total of five Board meetings were held in FY 2016. A table showing the attendance record of the Directors at meetings of the Board and Board Committees in FY 2016 is set out on page 47 of this Annual Report. The Manager believes in the manifest contribution of its Directors beyond attendance at formal Board and Board Committee meetings. To judge a Director’s contributions based on his or her attendance at formal meetings alone would not do justice to his or her overall contributions, which include being accessible to Management for guidance or exchange of views outside the formal environment of Board and Board Committee meetings.
In view of the increasingly demanding, complex and multi-dimensional role of a director, the Board recognises the importance of continual training and development for its Directors so as to equip them to discharge the responsibilities of their office as Directors to the best of their abilities. The Manager has in place a training framework to guide and support the Manager towards meeting the objective of having a Board which comprises individuals who are competent and possess up-to-date knowledge and skills necessary to discharge their responsibilities. The Manager also maintains a training record to track the Directors’ attendance at training and professional development courses. The costs of training are borne by the Manager. Upon appointment, each Director is provided with a formal letter of appointment and a copy of the Directors’ Manual (which includes information on a broad range of matters relating to the role and responsibilities of a director). All Directors, upon appointment, also undergo an induction programme which focuses on orientating the Director to Ascott Reit’s business, operations, strategy, organisational structure, responsibilities of key management personnel, and financial and governance practices.
Following their appointment, Directors are provided with opportunities for continuing education in areas such as directors’ duties and responsibilities, changes to regulations and accounting standards, and industry-related matters, so as to be updated on matters that affect or may enhance their performance as Directors or Board Committee members. Directors also receive on-the-job training through being engaged in actual Board work. In FY 2016, the training and professional development programmes for Directors included forums and dialogues with experts and senior business leaders on issues facing boards and board practice.
Board Composition and Guidance
There should be a strong and independent element on the Board, which is able to exercise objective judgement on corporate affairs independently, in particular, from Management and 10% shareholders. No individual or small group of individuals should be allowed to dominate the Board’s decision making.
The Board reviews from time to time the size and composition of the Board with a view to ensuring that the size of the Board is appropriate in facilitating effective decision making, taking into account the scope and nature of the operations of Ascott Reit and its subsidiaries (Ascott Reit Group), and that the Board has a strong independent element.
The Board presently comprises seven Directors, four of whom are IDs. The Chairman of the Board is an ID. Profiles of the Directors are provided on pages 18 to 22 of this Annual Report. The recommendation in the Code for a lead independent director to be appointed does not apply to the Manager as the Chairman is an ID, he and the CEO are separate individuals, and they are not related to each other.
The Board assesses the independence of each Director in accordance with the guidance in the Code. An ID is one who has no relationship with the Manager, its related corporations and its shareholders who hold 10% or more of the voting shares of the Manager, or Unitholders who hold 10% or more of the Units in issue or its officers that could interfere, or be reasonably perceived to interfere, with the exercise of his or her independent business judgement. The relevant non-executive Directors, namely Mr Tan Beng Hai, Bob, Mr Zulkifli Bin Baharudin, Mr Sim Juat Quee Michael Gabriel and Ms Elaine Carole Young, have provided declarations of their independence, which have been deliberated upon by the Board. The Board has also examined the different relationships identified by the Code that might impair the Directors’ independence and objectivity.
The Board has considered whether each of Mr Tan Beng Hai, Bob, Mr Zulkifli Bin Baharudin, Mr Sim Juat Quee Michael Gabriel and Ms Elaine Carole Young had demonstrated independence of character and judgement in the discharge of his or her responsibilities as a Director in FY 2016, and is satisfied that each of Mr Tan, Mr Zulkifli, Mr Sim and Ms Young had acted with independent judgement. It is noted that all of the Directors have served on the Board for less than nine years.
On the bases of the declarations of independence provided by the relevant non-executive Directors and the guidance in the Code, the Board has determined that Mr Tan Beng Hai, Bob, Mr Zulkifli Bin Baharudin, Mr Sim Juat Quee Michael Gabriel and Ms Elaine Carole Young are independent directors, as defined under the Code. Each of them had recused himself or herself from deliberations on his or her own independence.
At all times, the Directors are collectively and individually obliged to act honestly and with diligence, and in the best interests of Ascott Reit. The Manager has established a policy that its Directors recuse themselves from participating in any discussions concerning a transaction in which they may be in a conflict of interest situation. Each of the Directors has complied with this policy and recused himself or herself from participating in any Board deliberations on any transaction which could potentially have given rise to a conflict of interest.
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
There should be a clear division of responsibilities between the leadership of the Board and the executives responsible for managing the company’s business. No one individual should represent a considerable concentration of power.
To maintain an appropriate balance of power, increased accountability and greater capacity of the Board for independent decision making, the roles and responsibilities of the Chairman and the CEO are held by separate individuals.
The non-executive independent Chairman, Mr Tan Beng Hai, Bob, is responsible for leading the Board and ensuring that the Board is effective in all aspects of its role. The CEO, Mr Tay Boon Hwee, Ronald, has full executive responsibilities over the business directions and operational decisions of Ascott Reit and is responsible for implementing Ascott Reit’s strategies and policies and conducting Ascott Reit’s business.
The Chairman is responsible for leadership of the Board and for facilitating the conditions for the overall effectiveness of the Board, Board Committees and individual Directors. This includes setting the agenda of the Board in consultation with the CEO and promoting constructive engagement among the Directors as well as between the Board and the CEO on strategic issues.
The Chairman plays a significant leadership role by providing clear oversight, advice and guidance to the CEO and Management on strategies and business directions.
The Chairman and the CEO are not immediate family members. The separation of the roles of the Chairman and the CEO and the resulting clarity of roles provide a healthy professional relationship between the Board and Management, and facilitate robust deliberations on the business activities of Ascott Reit and the exchange of ideas and views to help shape Ascott Reit’s strategic process.
There should be a formal and transparent process for the appointment and re-appointment of directors to the Board.
The Board undertakes the functions of a nominating committee and therefore, the Manager does not have a nominating committee. The Board performs the functions that such a committee would otherwise perform, namely, it administers nominations to the Board, reviews the structure, size and composition of the Board, and reviews the performance and independence of Board members. The Board seeks to ensure that the composition of the Board provides an appropriate balance and diversity of skills, experience and knowledge of the industry and that the Directors, as a group, have the necessary core competencies relevant to Ascott Reit’s business.
The current Board comprises individuals who are business leaders and professionals with financial, banking, funds management, real estate, investment, hospitality and accounting backgrounds. The Board recognises the benefits of having a diverse Board. Diversity in the Board’s composition not only contributes to the quality of its decision making through diversity of perspectives in its boardroom deliberations, it also enables Management to benefit from their respective expertise and diverse backgrounds. The Board also considers gender an important aspect of diversity alongside factors such as the age, ethnicity and educational background of its members. The Board is committed to diversity and will continue to consider the differences in the skillsets, gender, age, ethnicity and educational background in determining the optimal composition of the Board in its Board renewal process.
In the year under review, no alternate directors were appointed. In keeping with the principle that a Director must be able to commit time to the affairs of the Manager, the Board will, generally, not approve the appointment of alternate directors.
The Board is able to undertake the functions of a nominating committee because:
The Board has adopted the following criteria and process for selecting, appointing and reappointing Directors and for reviewing the performance of Directors:
The adopted process takes into account the requirements in the Code that the composition of the Board, including the selection of candidates for new appointments to the Board as part of the Board’s renewal process, be determined using the following principles:
As at least half of the Board comprises IDs, the Manager will not be voluntarily subjecting any appointment or reappointment of directors to voting by Unitholders. The Chairman of the Board is presently an ID. The Board intends to continue to keep to the principle that at least half of the Board shall comprise IDs.
On the issue of Board renewal, the Manager believes that Board renewal is a necessary and continual process, for good governance and ensuring that the Board has the skills, expertise and experience which are relevant to the evolving needs of Ascott Reit’s business; renewal or replacement of a Director therefore does not necessarily reflect his or her performance or contributions to date.
Guideline 4.4 of the Code recommends that the Board determine the maximum number of listed company board appointments which any director may hold and disclose this in the annual report. In view of the responsibilities of a director, the Board is cognisant of the need for Directors to be able to devote sufficient time and attention to adequately perform their roles. However, the Board has not imposed any limit as it has taken the view that, the limit on the number of listed company directorships that an individual may hold should be considered on a case-by-case basis, as a person’s available time and attention may be affected by many different factors, such as whether he or she is in full-time employment and the nature of his or her other responsibilities. A director with multiple directorships is expected to ensure that sufficient attention can be and is given to the affairs of the Manager in managing the assets and liabilities of Ascott Reit for the benefit of Unitholders. The Board believes that each Director is best placed to determine and ensure that he or she is able to devote sufficient time and attention to discharge his or her duties and responsibilities as a director of the Manager, bearing in mind his or her other commitments. In considering the nomination of an individual for appointment, and in its annual review of each Director’s ability to commit time to the affairs of the Manager, the Board takes into account, among other things, the attendance records of the Directors at meetings of the Board and Board Committees, the competing time commitments faced by any such individual with multiple Board memberships as well as his or her other principal commitments. All Directors had confirmed that notwithstanding the number of their individual listed company board appointments and other principal commitments, which each of them held, they were able to devote sufficient time and attention to the affairs of the Manager in managing the assets and liabilities of Ascott Reit for the benefit of Unitholders. The CEO, who is also a Director, is fully committed to the day-to-day operations of the Manager. The Board also notes that, as at the date of this Annual Report, none of the IDs serves on more than three listed company boards. Taking into account also the attendance record of the Directors at meetings of the Board and Board Committees in FY 2016 (set out on page 47 of this Annual Report) and contributions to the Board’s deliberations as well as availability outside formal Board and Board Committee meetings, the Board is of the view that the current commitments of each of its Directors are reasonable and each of the Directors is able to and has been adequately carrying out his or her duties.
There should be a formal annual assessment of the effectiveness of the Board as a whole and its board committees and the contribution by each director to the effectiveness of the Board.
The Manager believes that oversight from a strong and effective board goes a long way towards guiding a business enterprise to achieving success.
The Board strives to ensure that there is an optimal blend in the Board of backgrounds, experience and knowledge in business and general management as well as expertise relevant to Ascott Reit’s business, and that each Director can bring to the Board an independent and objective perspective to enable balanced and well-considered decisions to be made in the interests of Ascott Reit.
While board performance is ultimately reflected in the long-term performance of Ascott Reit, the Board believes that engaging in a regular process of self-assessment and evaluation of board performance in order to identify key strengths and areas for improvement is essential to effective stewardship and to attaining success for Ascott Reit.
As part of the Manager’s commitment towards improving corporate governance, the Board has implemented a process to evaluate the effectiveness of the Board as a whole and the Board Committees on an annual basis. As part of the process, questionnaires were sent to the Directors, and the results were aggregated and reported to the Chairman of the Board. The areas of evaluation covered in the survey questionnaire included Board composition, Board processes, strategy, performance and governance, access to information and Board Committee effectiveness. The results of the survey were deliberated upon by the Board, and the necessary follow up action will be taken with a view to enhancing the effectiveness of the Board in the discharge of its duties and responsibilities. The outcome of the evaluation was satisfactory with positive ratings received for all the attributes in the evaluation categories.
The Board was also able to assess the Board Committees through their regular reports to the Board on their activities. In respect of individual Directors, their contributions can take different forms including providing objective perspectives on issues, facilitating business opportunities and strategic relationships, and accessibility to Management outside of the formal environment of Board and/or Board Committee meetings.
The Manager also believes that collective Board performance and the contributions of individual Board members are also reflected in, and evidenced by, the synergistic performance of the Board in discharging its responsibilities as a whole by providing proper guidance, diligent oversight and able leadership, and lending support to Management in steering Ascott Reit in the appropriate direction, as well as the long-term performance of Ascott Reit whether under favourable or challenging market conditions.
Access to Information
In order to fulfil their responsibilities, directors should be provided with complete, adequate and timely information prior to board meetings and on an ongoing basis so as to enable them to make informed decisions to discharge their duties and responsibilities.
The Manager recognises the importance of providing the Board with relevant information on a timely basis prior to Board meetings and on an ongoing basis to enable the Directors to make informed decisions to discharge their duties and responsibilities. Reports on Ascott Reit’s performance are also provided to the Board on a regular basis.
The Board meets regularly and Board meetings, in general, last up to half a day. At each Board meeting, the CEO provides updates on Ascott Reit’s business and operations, as well as financial performance. Presentations in relation to specific business areas are also made by key executives and external consultants or experts; this allows the Board to develop a good understanding of Ascott Reit’s business and also promotes active engagement between the Board and the key executives of the Manager.
As a general rule, Board papers are sent to Board members at least five working days prior to each Board meeting to allow the Board members sufficient time to prepare for the Board meetings and to enable discussions to focus on any questions that they may have.
In line with the Manager’s ongoing commitment to limit paper wastage and reduce its carbon footprint, the Manager does not provide printed copies of Board papers. Instead, Directors are provided with tablet devices to enable them to access and read Board and Board Committee papers prior to and in meetings. This initiative also enhances information security as the papers are downloaded to the tablet devices through an encrypted channel.
In addition to providing complete, adequate and timely information to the Board on Board affairs and issues requiring the Board’s decision, Management also provides ongoing reports relating to the operational and financial performance of Ascott Reit, such as monthly management reports.
Where appropriate, informal meetings are also held for Management to brief Directors on prospective transactions and potential developments in the early stages before formal Board approval is sought.
The Board has separate and independent access to Management, including the company secretary of the Manager (Company Secretary) at all times. The Company Secretary attends to corporate secretarial administration matters and is the corporate governance advisor on corporate matters to the Board and Management. The Company Secretary attends all Board meetings and assists the Chairman and in ensuring that Board procedures are followed. The Board, whether as individual Director or as a group, is also entitled to have access to independent professional advice where required, with expenses borne by the Manager.
The AC also meets the internal and external auditors separately at least once a year, without the presence of the CEO and Management and has unfettered access to Management for any information that it may require.
Through the training framework adopted for the professional development of the Directors, Directors also receive on a regular basis reading materials on topical matters or subjects and regulatory updates and implications. Where appropriate, Management will also arrange for briefings by industry players or consultants.
Procedures for Developing Remuneration Policies
There should be a formal and transparent procedure for developing policy on executive remuneration and for fixing the remuneration packages of individual directors. No director should be involved in deciding his own remuneration.
Level and Mix of Remuneration
The level and structure of remuneration should be aligned with the long-term interest and risk policies of the company, and should be appropriate to attract, retain and motivate (a) the directors to provide good stewardship of the company, and (b) key management personnel to successfully manage the company. However, companies should avoid paying more than is necessary for this purpose.
Disclosure on Remuneration
Every company should provide clear disclosure of its remuneration policies, level and mix of remuneration, and the procedure for setting remuneration, in the company’s Annual Report. It should provide disclosure in relation to its remuneration policies to enable investors to understand the link between remuneration paid to directors and key management personnel, and performance.
The Board is able to undertake the functions of a remuneration committee because:
In undertaking this function, the Board oversees the design and implementation of the remuneration policy and the specific remuneration packages for each Director and senior executives including the CEO. No member of the Board, however, will be involved in any decision of the Board relating to his own remuneration.
In terms of the process adopted by the Manager for developing policies on remuneration and determining the remuneration packages for Directors and executive officers, the Manager, through an independent remuneration consultant, takes into account benchmarking within the industry, as appropriate. It also considers the compensation framework of CL as a point of reference. The Manager is a subsidiary of CL which also holds a significant stake in Ascott Reit. The association with the CL group puts the Manager in a better position to attract and retain better qualified management talent; it provides an intangible benefit to the Manager such that it allows its employees to associate themselves with an established corporate group which can offer them the depth and breadth of experience and a career horizon. In FY 2016, an independent remuneration consultant, Mercer (Singapore) Pte Ltd (Mercer), was appointed to provide professional advice on Board and executive remuneration. Mercer is a global consulting leader in talent, health, retirement and investments with operations in more than 140 countries and employs more than 20,000 people globally. The consultant is not related to the Manager, its related corporations or any of its Directors.
The principles governing the Manager’s key management personnel remuneration policy are as follows:
The fixed component comprises the base salary, fixed allowances and compulsory employer contribution to an employee’s Central Provident Fund. The variable cash component comprises an annual bonus plan which is linked to the achievement of annual performance targets for each key executive. Annual performance targets are in the form of both quantitative and qualitative measures that are aligned to the business strategy for Ascott Reit Group and linked both to individual performance and the performance of Ascott Reit. The market-related benefits provided are comparable with local market practices.
For FY 2016, remuneration for key management personnel comprises a fixed component, a performance-based variable cash component, a performance-based variable equity-based component and market-related benefits. For the equity-based component, Units were awarded with effect from FY 2016, so as to better align the interest of key management personnel with the long term interest of Unitholders. In determining the actual quantum for the variable components, the Manager will take into account the achievement of performance targets such as the distribution per Unit and Gross Profit achieved by Ascott Reit Group.
The remuneration for the CEO in bands of S$250,000, and a breakdown of the remuneration of the CEO and all of the key management personnel of the Manager in percentage terms, are provided in the Key Management Personnel’s Remuneration Table on page 47 of this Annual Report.
At present, there are only three key management personnel of the Manager (including the CEO). The Manager outsources various other services to Ascott International Management (2001) Pte Ltd (AIM2001), a wholly owned subsidiary of The Ascott Limited, which provides the services through its employees (Outsourced Personnel), in order to provide flexibility and maximise efficiency in resource management to match the needs of Ascott Reit from time to time, as well as to leverage on economies of scale and tap on the management talent of an established corporate group which can offer enhanced depth and breadth of experience. However, notwithstanding the outsourcing arrangement, the responsibility for due diligence, oversight and accountability continues to reside with the Board and Management. In this regard, the remuneration of such Outsourced Personnel, being employees of AIM2001, is not included as part of the disclosure of remuneration of key management personnel of the Manager in this Annual Report.
The Manager has decided (a) to disclose the CEO’s remuneration in bands of S$250,000 (instead of on a quantum basis), and (b) not to disclose the remuneration of the key management personnel of the Manager (whether in bands of S$250,000 or otherwise). In arriving at its decision, it took into account the commercial sensitivity and confidential nature of remuneration matters. The Manager is of the view that disclosure in such manner is not prejudicial to the interests of Unitholders as the indicative range for the CEO’s remuneration, as well as the total remuneration for the CEO and key management personnel of the Manager, is made known to Unitholders, and sufficient information is provided on the Manager’s remuneration framework to enable Unitholders to understand the link between Ascott Reit’s performance and the remuneration of the CEO and key management personnel. In addition, the remuneration of the CEO and key management personnel of the Manager is paid out of the fees (the quantum and basis of which have been disclosed) that the Manager receives, rather than borne by Ascott Reit.
There were no employees of the Manager who were immediate family members of a Director or the CEO in FY 2016. “Immediate family member” refers to the spouse, child, adopted child, step-child, sibling or parent of the individual.
The Directors’ fees for FY 2016 are shown on page 36 of this Annual Report. The CEO as an executive director does not receive any fees for serving as a Director. Instead, he is remunerated as part of the key management personnel of the Manager. Directors’ fees are a fixed sum and generally comprise a basic retainer fee as a Director, an additional fee for serving on any of the Board Committees and an attendance fee for participation in meetings of the Board and any of the Board Committees, project meetings and verification meetings. The framework for Directors’ fees remains unchanged from that for the previous financial year.
Non-executive Directors (save for Directors who are employees of CL) receive Directors’ fees which are payable by way of cash and Units. The Manager believes that the payment of a portion of the Directors’ fees in Units will serve to align the interests of such Directors with that of Unitholders and Ascott Reit’s long-term growth and value.
The Board should present a balanced and understandable assessment of the company’s performance, position and prospects.
The Manager provides Unitholders with quarterly and annual financial statements within the relevant periods prescribed by the Listing Manual after they are reviewed by the AC and approved by the Board. These financial statements are accompanied by news releases issued to the media and which are also posted on the SGXNet. Through the quarterly and annual financial statements, the Board aims to provide Unitholders with a balanced, clear and understandable assessment of Ascott Reit’s performance, position and prospects. In order to achieve this, Management provides the Board with management accounts on a monthly basis and such explanation and information as any Director may require, to enable the Directors to keep abreast, and make a balanced and informed assessment, of Ascott Reit’s financial performance, position and prospects.
In addition to quarterly and annual financial statements, the Manager also keeps Unitholders, stakeholders and analysts informed of the performance and changes in Ascott Reit or its business which would be likely to materially affect the price or value of the Units on a timely and consistent basis, so as to assist Unitholders and investors in their investment decisions.
The Manager believes in conducting itself in ways that seek to deliver maximum sustainable value to Unitholders. Best practices are promoted as a means to build an excellent business for Unitholders and the Manager is accountable to Unitholders for Ascott Reit’s performance. Prompt fulfilment of statutory and regulatory reporting requirements is but one way to maintain Unitholders’ confidence and trust in the capability and integrity of the Manager.
Risk Management and Internal Controls
The Board is responsible for the governance of risk. The Board should ensure that Management maintains a sound system of risk management and internal controls to safeguard shareholders’ interests and the company’s assets, and should determine the nature and extent of the significant risks which the Board is willing to take in achieving its strategic objectives.
The Manager has in place an adequate and effective system of risk management and internal controls addressing material financial, operational, compliance and information technology risks to safeguard Unitholders’ interests and Ascott Reit’s assets.
The Board has overall responsibility for the governance of risk and oversees the Manager in the design, implementation and monitoring of the risk management and internal controls systems. The AC assists the Board in carrying out the Board’s responsibility of overseeing the risk management framework and policies of Ascott Reit Group.
The AC is guided by its terms of reference, in particular, the AC:
The Manager adopts an Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) Framework which sets out the required environmental and organisational components for managing risk in an integrated, systematic and consistent manner. The ERM Framework and related policies are reviewed annually.
The Manager consistently seeks to improve and strengthen the ERM Framework. As part of the ERM Framework, the Manager, among other things, undertakes and performs a Risk and Control Self-Assessment (RCSA) process. As a result of the RCSA process, the Manager produces and maintains a risk register which identifies the material risks Ascott Reit Group faces and the corresponding internal controls it has in place to manage or mitigate those risks. The material risks are reviewed annually by the AC and the Board. The AC also reviews the approach of identifying and assessing risks and internal controls in the risk register. The system of risk management and internal controls is reviewed and, where appropriate, refined regularly by the Manager, the AC and the Board. Where relevant, reference is made to the best practices and guidance in the Risk Governance Guidance for Listed Boards issued by the Corporate Governance Council.
The Manager has established an approach on how risk appetite is defined, monitored and reviewed for Ascott Reit Group. Approved by the Board, Ascott Reit Group’s RAS addresses the management of material risks faced by Ascott Reit Group. Alignment of Ascott Reit Group’s risk profile to the RAS is achieved through various communication and monitoring mechanisms put in place across the various functions within the Manager.
More information on the ERM Framework can be found in the Enterprise Risk Management section on pages 48 to 50 of this Annual Report.
Internal and external auditors conduct audits that involve testing the adequacy and effectiveness of the material internal controls for Ascott Reit Group addressing financial, operational, compliance and information technology risks. This includes testing, where practicable, material internal controls in areas managed by external service providers. Any material non-compliance or lapses in internal controls together with corrective measures recommended by the internal and external auditors are reported to and reviewed by the AC. The AC reviews the adequacy and effectiveness of the measures taken by the Manager on the recommendations made by the internal and external auditors in this respect.
The Board has received assurance from the CEO and the Vice President, Finance (VP Finance) of the Manager that:
In addition, in FY 2016, the Board has received quarterly certification by Management on the integrity of financial reporting and the Board has provided a negative assurance confirmation to Unitholders, as required by the Listing Manual.
Based on the ERM Framework established and the reviews conducted by Management and both the internal and external auditors, as well as the assurance from the CEO and VP Finance of the Manager, the Board concurs with the recommendation of the AC and is of the opinion, that the system of risk management and internal controls addressing material financial, operational, compliance and information technology risks established by the Manager is adequate and effective to meet the needs of Ascott Reit Group in its current business environment as at 31 December 2016.
The Board notes that the system of risk management and internal controls established by the Manager provides reasonable, but not absolute, assurance that Ascott Reit Group, as it strives to achieve its business objectives, will not be significantly affected by any event that can be reasonably foreseen or anticipated. However, the Board also notes that no system of risk management and internal controls can provide absolute assurance in this regard, or absolute assurance against poor judgement in decision making, human error, losses, fraud or other irregularities.
The Board should establish an Audit Committee with written terms of reference which clearly set out its authority and duties.
At present, all the members of the AC, including the Chairman of the AC, are IDs. The members bring with them invaluable recent and relevant managerial and professional expertise in accounting and related financial management domains, in particular the Chairman of the AC is a Fellow of the Institute of Singapore Chartered Accountants, among other professional affiliations. None of the AC members was previously a partner of the incumbent external auditors, KPMG LLP (KPMG), within the previous 12 months, nor does any of the AC members hold any financial interest in KPMG.
The AC has explicit authority to investigate any matter within its terms of reference. Management is required to provide the fullest co-operation in providing information and resources, and in implementing or carrying out all requests made by the AC. The AC has direct access to the internal and external auditors and full discretion to invite any Director or executive officer to attend its meetings. Similarly, both the internal and external auditors are given unrestricted access to the AC.
The AC is guided by its terms of reference, in particular, the AC:
In the review of the financial statements of Ascott Reit Group for FY 2016, the AC has discussed with Management the accounting principles that were applied and their judgement of items that might affect the integrity of the financial statements and also considered the clarity of key disclosures in the financial statements. The AC reviewed, among other matters, the following significant matters identified by external auditors for the financial year ended 31 December 2016.
The AC has reviewed the nature and extent of non-audit services provided by the external auditors in FY 2016 and the fees paid for such services. The AC is satisfied that the independence of the external auditors has not been impaired by the provision of those services. The external auditors have also provided confirmation of their independence to the AC. The aggregate amount of fees paid and payable to the external auditors for FY 2016 was approximately S$2,545,000, of which audit fees amounted to approximately S$2,486,000 and non-audit fees amounted to approximately S$59,000.
In FY 2016, the AC also met with the internal and external auditors, without Management’s presence, to discuss the reasonableness of the financial reporting process, the system of internal controls, and the significant comments and recommendations by the auditors. Where relevant, the AC makes reference to best practices and guidance for Audit Committees in Singapore including practice directions issued from time to time in relation to the Financial Reporting Surveillance Programme administered by the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority of Singapore.
Changes to the accounting standards and accounting issues which have a direct impact on the financial statements were reported to and discussed with the AC at its meetings.
The Manager confirms, on behalf of Ascott Reit, that Ascott Reit complies with Rule 712 and Rule 715 of the Listing Manual.
The company should establish an effective internal audit function that is adequately resourced and independent of the activities it audits.
The Manager has in place an internal audit function supported by CL’s Internal Audit Department (CL IA) which reports directly to the AC and administratively to the CEO. CL IA plans its internal audit schedules in consultation with, but independently of, Management and its plan is submitted to the AC for approval prior to the beginning of each year. The AC also meets with CL IA at least once a year without the presence of Management. CL IA has unfettered access to the Manager’s documents, records, properties and employees, including access to the AC.
CL IA is a corporate member of the Singapore branch of the Institute of Internal Auditors Inc. (IIA), which has its headquarters in the United States of America. CL IA subscribes to, and is guided by, the International Standards for the Professional Practice of Internal Auditing (Standards) developed by the IIA and has incorporated these Standards into its audit practices. With respect to FY 2016, the AC has reviewed and is satisfied as to the adequacy and effectiveness of the IA function.
To ensure that internal audits are performed by competent professionals, CL IA recruits and employs suitably qualified professional staff with the requisite skill sets and experience.
CL IA identifies and provides training and development opportunities for its staff to ensure that their technical knowledge and skill sets remain current and relevant.
The Manager is committed to treating all Unitholders fairly and equitably. All Unitholders enjoy specific rights under the Trust Deed and the relevant laws and regulations. These rights include, among other things, the right to participate in profit distributions. They are also entitled to attend general meetings and are accorded the opportunity to participate effectively and vote at general meetings (including through appointment of up to two proxies, if they are unable to attend in person or in the case of a corporate Unitholder, through its appointed representative). Unitholders such as nominee companies which provide custodial services for securities are not constrained by the two proxy limitation, and are able to appoint more than two proxies to attend, speak and vote at general meetings of Ascott Reit.
More information on Unitholder participation in general meetings can be found in the section on Principle 16: Conduct of Shareholder Meetings of this report.
Communication with Shareholders
Companies should actively engage their shareholders and put in place an investor relations policy to promote regular, effective and fair communication with shareholders.
The Manager is committed to keeping all Unitholders and other stakeholders and analysts informed of the performance and changes in Ascott Reit or its business which would be likely to materially affect the price or value of the Units, on a timely and consistent basis, so as to assist Unitholders and investors in their investment decisions.
The Manager has in place an Investor Relations and Group Communications team which facilitates effective communication with Unitholders, analysts, fund managers and the media.
The Manager actively engages with Unitholders and has put in place an Investor Relations Policy (Policy) to promote regular, effective and fair communications with Unitholders. The Policy is available on Ascott Reit’s website at www.ascottreit.com.
The Board has established the CDC which assists the Board in the discharge of its function to meet the obligations arising under the laws and regulations of Singapore relating to and to conform to best practices in the corporate disclosure and compliance process. The views and approval of the CDC were sought throughout the year through emails on various announcements and news releases.
More information on the Manager’s investor relations with Unitholders can be found in the Investor Relations section on pages 51 to 53 of this Annual Report and the Policy which is available on Ascott Reit’s website.
Ascott Reit’s distribution policy is to distribute at least 90.0% of its taxable income (other than gains from the sale of real estate properties or shares by Ascott Reit which are determined to be trading gains), with the actual level of distribution to be determined at the Manager’s discretion.
Conduct of Shareholder Meetings
Companies should encourage greater shareholder participation at general meetings of shareholders, and allow shareholders the opportunity to communicate their views on various matters affecting the company.
The Manager supports the principle of encouraging Unitholders’ participation and voting at general meetings. Unitholders receive a CD-ROM containing the Ascott Reit annual report (printed copies are available upon request) and notice of the annual general meeting. As and when an extraordinary general meeting is to be held, Unitholders will receive a copy of the circular which contains details of the matters to be proposed for Unitholders’ consideration and approval. Notices of the general meetings are also advertised in the press and issued on SGXNet. The requisite notice period for general meeting is adhered to. All Unitholders are given the opportunity to participate effectively in and vote at general meetings.
At general meetings, Unitholders are encouraged to communicate their views and discuss with the Board and Management matters affecting Ascott Reit. Representatives of the Trustee, Directors (including the chairpersons of the Board and the AC), the Manager’s senior management and the external auditors of Ascott Reit, would usually be present at general meetings to address any queries from Unitholders.
To safeguard Unitholders’ interests and rights, a separate resolution is proposed for each substantially separate issue at general meetings. To ensure transparency in the voting process and better reflect Unitholders’ interest, the Manager conducts electronic poll voting for all the resolutions proposed at the general meetings. Voting procedures are explained and vote tabulations are disclosed at the general meetings. An independent scrutineer is also appointed to validate the vote tabulation procedures. Votes cast, for or against and the respective percentages, on each resolution are tallied and displayed ‘live’ on-screen to Unitholders immediately at the general meetings. The total number of votes cast for or against the resolutions and the respective percentages are also announced on SGXNet after the general meetings. Voting in absentia and by email, which are currently not permitted, may only be possible following careful study to ensure that the integrity of information and authentication of the identity of Unitholders through the web are not compromised, and legislative changes are effected to recognise remote voting.
Minutes of the general meetings recording the substantive and relevant comments made and questions raised by Unitholders, are prepared and are available to Unitholders for their inspection upon request. Minutes of the annual general meetings are also available on Ascott Reit’s website.
Unitholders also have the opportunity to communicate their views and discuss with the Board and Management matters affecting Ascott Reit after the general meetings.
Apart from the AC and CDC, the Board has also established an EC.
The EC oversees the day-to-day activities of the Manager and that of Ascott Reit, on behalf of the Board. The EC is guided by its terms of reference, in particular, the EC:
The members of the EC also meet informally during the course of the year.
Dealings with Interested Persons
Review Procedures for Interested Person Transactions
The Manager has established internal control procedures to ensure that all Interested Person Transactions are undertaken on an arm’s length basis and on normal commercial terms, which are generally no more favourable than those extended to unrelated third parties, and are not prejudicial to the interests of Ascott Reit and Unitholders. In respect of such transactions, the Manager would have to demonstrate to the AC that such transactions are undertaken on normal commercial terms and are not prejudicial to the interests of Ascott Reit and Unitholders which may include obtaining (where practicable) third party quotations or obtaining valuations from independent valuers (in accordance with applicable provisions of the Listing Manual and the Property Funds Appendix). The internal control procedures also ensure compliance with Chapter 9 of the Listing Manual and the Property Funds Appendix.
In particular, the procedures in place include the following:
Role of the Audit Committee for Interested Person Transactions
The Manager’s internal control procedures are intended to ensure that Interested Person Transactions are conducted at arm’s length and on normal commercial terms, and are not prejudicial to Ascott Reit and Unitholders’ interests.
The Manager maintains a register to record all Interested Person Transactions which are entered into by Ascott Reit (and the basis on which they are entered into, including the quotations obtained to support such basis). All Interested Person Transactions are subject to regular periodic reviews by the AC, which in turn obtains advice from CL IA, to ascertain that the guidelines and procedures established to monitor Interested Person Transactions, including the relevant provisions of the Listing Manual and the Property Funds Appendix, as well as any other guidelines which may from time to time be prescribed by the SGX-ST, MAS or other relevant authorities, have been complied with. The review includes an examination of the nature of the transaction and its supporting documents or such other information deemed necessary by the AC. If a member of the AC has an interest in a transaction, he or she is to abstain from participating in the review and approval process in relation to that transaction.
Details of all Interested Person Transactions (equal to or exceeding S$100,000 each in value) entered into by Ascott Reit in FY 2016 are disclosed on page 224 of this Annual Report.
Dealing with Conflicts of Interest
The following principles and procedures have been established to deal with potential conflicts of interest which the Manager (including its Directors, executive officers and employees) may encounter in managing Ascott Reit:
Additionally, Ascott Reit has been granted a right of first refusal by The Ascott Limited (Ascott) over any proposed sale of (a) any properties that are used, or predominantly used, as serviced residences or rental housing properties in Europe and the Pan-Asian region (including those under the “Ascott”, “Somerset” and “Citadines” brands) and (b) any shares or equity interests in single-purpose corporations which hold such properties (each a Relevant Asset), by Ascott, its related fund or any of its wholly owned subsidiaries (each an Ascott entity), for so long as the Manager remains the manager of Ascott Reit and Ascott and/or any of its related corporations remain a shareholder of the Manager. Consequently, if an Ascott entity proposes to dispose of a Relevant Asset to an unrelated third party, or if a proposed offer of a Relevant Asset is made to an Ascott entity, Ascott is required to grant to Ascott Reit the first right to acquire the Relevant Asset for the benefit of Ascott Reit.
In respect of voting rights where the Manager would face a conflict between its own interests and that of Unitholders, the Manager shall cause such voting rights to be exercised according to the discretion of the Trustee.
Dealings in Securities
The Manager has devised and adopted a securities dealing policy for the Manager’s officers and employees which applies the best practice recommendations in the Listing Manual. To this end, the Manager has issued guidelines to its Directors and employees as well as certain relevant executives of the CL group, which set out prohibitions against dealings in Ascott Reit Group’s securities (i) while in possession of material unpublished price sensitive information, (ii) during the two weeks immediately preceding, and up to the time of the announcement of, Ascott Reit’s financial statements for each of the first three quarters of Ascott Reit’s financial year, and (iii) during the one month immediately preceding, and up to the time of the announcement of, Ascott Reit’s financial statements for the full financial year. Prior to the commencement of each relevant period, an email would be sent out to all Directors and employees of the Manager as well as certain relevant executives of the CL Group to inform them of the duration of the period. The Manager will also not deal in Ascott Reit Group’s securities during the same period. In addition, employees and Capital Markets Services Licence Appointed Representatives of the Manager are required to give pre-trading notification to the CEO and the Compliance department before any dealing in Ascott Reit Group’s securities.
Directors and employees of the Manager as well as certain relevant executives of the CL Group are also prohibited from dealing in securities of Ascott Reit Group if they are in possession of unpublished price sensitive information of Ascott Reit Group. As and when appropriate, they would be issued an advisory to refrain from dealing in Ascott Reit Group’s securities.
Under the policy, Directors and employees of the Manager as well as certain relevant executives of the CL group are also discouraged to trade on short-term or speculative considerations. They are also prohibited from using any information with respect to other companies or entities obtained in the course of their employment in connection with securities transactions of such companies or entities.
The Manager adheres to an ethics and code of business conduct policy which deals with issues such as confidentiality, conduct and work discipline, corporate gifts and concessionary offers. Clear policies and guidelines on how to handle workplace harassment and grievances are also in place.
The policies and guidelines are published on CL’s intranet, which is accessible by all employees of the Manager.
The policies that the Manager has implemented aim to help to detect and prevent occupational fraud in mainly three ways.
First, the Manager offers fair compensation packages, based on practices of pay-for-performance and promotion based on merit to its employees. The Manager also provides various healthcare subsidies and financial assistance schemes to alleviate the common financial pressures its employees face.
Second, clearly documented policies and work procedures incorporate internal controls which ensure that adequate checks and balances are in place. Periodic audits are also conducted to evaluate the efficacy of these internal controls.
Finally, the Manager seeks to build and maintain the right organisational culture through its core values, educating its employees on good business conduct and ethical values.
Bribery and Corruption Prevention Policy
The Manager adopts a strong stance against bribery and corruption. In addition to clear guidelines and procedures for the giving and receipt of corporate gifts and concessionary offers, all employees of the Manager are required to make a declaration on an annual basis where they pledge to uphold the Manager’s core values and not to engage in any corrupt or unethical practices. This serves as a reminder to all employees to maintain the highest standards of integrity in their work and business dealings.
The Manager’s zero tolerance policy towards bribery and corruption extends to its business dealings with third parties. Pursuant to this policy, the Manager requires that certain agreements incorporate anti-bribery and anti-corruption provisions.
A whistle-blowing policy and other procedures are put in place to provide employees of the Manager and parties who have dealings with the Manager with well defined, accessible and trusted channels to report suspected fraud, corruption, dishonest practices or other improprieties in the workplace, and for the independent investigation of any reported incidents and appropriate follow up action. The objective of the whistle-blowing policy is to encourage the reporting of such matters so that employees or external parties making any reports in good faith will be able to do so with the confidence that they will be treated fairly and, to the fullest extent possible, be protected from reprisal.
Anti-Money Laundering and Countering the Financing of Terrorism Measures
As a holder of a Capital Markets Services licence issued by MAS, the Manager abides by the MAS’ guidelines on the prevention of money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism. Under these guidelines, the main obligations of the Manager are:
The Manager has developed and implemented a policy on the prevention of money laundering and terrorist financing and is alert at all times to suspicious transactions. Where there is a suspicion of money laundering or terrorist financing, the Manager performs due diligence checks on its counterparties in order to ensure that it does not enter into business transactions with terrorist suspects or other high risk persons or entities. Suspicious transactions are also reported to the Suspicious Transaction Reporting Office of the Commercial Affairs Department.
Under this policy, the Manager must retain all relevant records or documents relating to business relations with its customers or transactions entered into for a period of at least five years following the termination of such business relations or the completion of such transactions.
All prospective employees, officers and representatives of the Manager are also screened against various lists of terrorist suspects issued by MAS. Periodic training is provided by the Manager to its Directors, employees and representatives to ensure that they are updated and aware of applicable anti-money laundering and terrorist financing regulations, the prevailing techniques and trends in money laundering and terrorist financing and the measures adopted by the Manager to combat money laundering and terrorist financing.